Controlling Chemical Substances
The World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in 2002 adopted a resolution that chemical substances would be managed in such a manner as to minimize the impact of the chemical substances on human health and the environment, and relevant regulations therefor have been formulated by each member country.
The Kubota Group sees controlling chemical substances as one of its materiality, and has been advancing initiatives toward reducing the burden on the environment from chemical substances, including the reduction of VOCs (volatile organic compounds) generated in coating processes at production sites, as well as the replacement of fluorocarbons and the prevention of leakage.
- Activities towards achieving SDGs
- Medium-Term Environmental Conservation Targets 2020 and the Results for RY2019
- Controlling and reduction of chemical substances in production sites
- Control of Ozone-depleting Substances
- Emissions of Air Pollutants
- Monitoring Groundwater
- Reduction of Chemical Substances Contained in Products
Activities towards achieving SDGs
|Related SDGs and targets||
|Major Activity Content||
|2020 Activity Targets (KPIs)||
Medium-Term Environmental Conservation Targets 2020 and the Results for RY2019
|Action item||Management indicator*2||Scope||Base RY||Target for RY 2020||Result of RY2019||
|Reduce VOCs*1||VOC emissions per unit of production||Global production sites||2014||-10%||-38.1%||We are promoting the elimination or reduction of VOC-contained paint and thinner.|
- *1.VOCs (volatile organic compounds) comprise the six substances that are most prevalent in emissions from the Kubota Group: xylene, toluene, ethylbenzene, styrene, 1, 2, 4-trimethylbenzene, and 1, 3, 5-trimethylbenzene.
- *2.The figures per unit of production represent the intensity of the environmental load per unit of money amount of production. The exchange rate of the base year is used when translating the money amount of production of overseas sites into Japanese yen.
Controlling and reduction of chemical substances in production sites
1. VOC Emissions
In RY2019, VOC emissions were 562 tons, a decrease of 5.9% compared to the previous reporting year. Additionally, VOC emissions per unit of sales improved by 9.3%. These were mainly due to increased use of low-solvent paint and reduced use of solvent-based paint at overseas machinery production sites as well as a reduction in production volume at cast iron production sites in Japan.
Trends in VOC Emissions and Emissions per Unit of Sales
- 1 VOCs comprise the six substances that are most prevalent in emissions from the Kubota Group: xylene, toluene, ethylbenzene, styrene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene.
- 2 VOC emissions per unit of consolidated net sales. The Kubota Group adopted International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) instead of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America from RY2018.
VOC Emissions by Region
VOC Emissions by Business
VOC Emissions by Substance
2. Release and Transfer of PRTR-designated Substances
In RY2019, a total of 566 tons of substances stipulated in the PRTR Law* were released and transferred, a decrease of 5.2% compared to the previous reporting year. Additionally, the release and transfer per unit of sales improved by 8.7% compared to the previous reporting year. Similar to reduction of VOC emissions, the Group is promoting the ongoing measures to reduce the PRTR-designated substances.
- Act on Confirmation, etc. of Release Amounts of Specific Chemical Substances in the Environment and Promotion of Improvements to the Management Thereof
Trends in Release and Transfer of PRTR-designated Substances, and Release and Transfer per Unit of Sales (Japan)
- 1 Total amount of reported substances that are handled at each site (annual volume of 1 ton or more (or 0.5 tons for Specific Class I designations))
- 2 Release and transfer of PRTR-designated substances per unit of consolidated net sales. The Kubota Group adopted International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) instead of accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America from RY2018.
3. Measures to Reduce VOCs
The Kubota Group has established its Medium-Term Environmental Conservation Targets and is working on the reduction of VOC emissions from its business sites. The Group has been promoting the risk management of chemical substances handled at production sites and the reduction of VOC-containing materials, such as paint and thinner.
In RY2019, the Kubota Group continued to adjust the pressure setting and nozzle diameter of paint guns for improved painting efficiency. Among its other ongoing initiatives to reduce VOC use were switching to VOC-free materials and recycling used thinner. Additionally, by the promoting introduction of paint robots, the Group achieved not only reduction in VOC, but also improved productivity.
As a result of the efforts toward achieving the Medium-Term Environmental Conservation Targets 2020 for VOC reduction, global production sites achieved a reduction of 72 tons in RY2019 compared with the case where countermeasures were not implemented from the base year (RY2014). The economic effects of these measures reached 59 million yen compared to RY2014. VOC emissions per unit of production in RY2019 improved by 38.1% compared to RY2014.
We will continue to promote the reduction of VOC emissions by introducing exhaust treatment equipment that is conscious of compliance with laws and the reduction of impacts on neighborhoods, in addition to the efforts to stop the use of VOC-containing paint and thinner or replace them with substitutes.
Control of Ozone-depleting Substances
The Kubota Group prohibits specified CFCs, which are ozone-depleting substances, from being contained in products or added*1 in manufacturing processes of products. In Japan, replacement of materials containing dichloropentafluoropropane with substitute materials was completed during RY2016, and no ozone-depleting substances subject to notification under the PRTR Law*2 are handled and released at present.
In Japan, CFCs that are used in air-conditioners and refrigerating or freezing equipment as refrigerant, are thoroughly managed to control leakage, in accordance with the standards specified by the Fluorocarbons Emission Control Law.*3
- *1.For HCFC, intentional adding in products as refrigerant or heat insulator is prohibited.
- *2.Act on Confirmation, etc. of Release Amounts of Specific Chemical Substances in the Environment and Promotion of Improvements in the Management Thereof
- *3.Act on the Rational Use and Proper Management of Fluorocarbons
Emissions of Air Pollutants
The Kubota Group has set its own control values that are stricter than the emission standards of relevant laws and regulations. In order not to allow the exceeding of standard values, the Group implements thorough daily management activities, such as monitoring operation of the smoke and soot-generating facilities and inspecting the dust-collecting equipment.
The amounts of emissions of air pollutants in RY2019 were 3.7* tons for SOx (down by 60.2% from the previous year), 47.3 tons for NOx (down by 4.3%), and 10.8 tons for soot and dust (up by 9.5%). We will continue to reduce emissions of air pollutants through initiatives such as controlling sources by fuel conversion and maintaining dust-collecting equipment.
- If sulfur contained in the slag managed onsite at end of year (December 31, 2019) by some sites in Japan is included, SOx emissions for RY2019 amounted to 5.2 tons.
Results of groundwater measurements conducted on the premises of the business sites that used organic chlorine-based compounds in the past are as shown below.
|Business site||Substance||Measured groundwater value||Environmental standard|
|Tsukuba Plant||Trichloroethylene||Non-detected (less than 0.0001 mg/L)||Less than 0.01 mg/L|
|Utsunomiya Plant||Trichloroethylene||Non-detected (less than 0.001mg/L)||Less than 0.01 mg/L|
Reduction of Chemical Substances Contained in Products
The Kubota Group has set rules for identifying and properly managing chemical substances in products in order to comply with REACH Regulations* in Europe and other chemical substance regulations.
Since 2010, chemical substances in products have been classified as one of the three following categories and managed appropriately. With cooperation from our suppliers, we investigate chemical substances in products on a global basis.
- The European Union (EU) Regulations for Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals
- Three Control Levels -
- Substances to be Prohibited: Should not be contained in products
- Substances to be Restricted: Should not be contained in products under certain conditions and applications
- Substances to be Controlled: Presence in products should be recognized